The Homestead of a family or single adult is protected from forced sale for purposes of paying debts and judgments, with the exception of limited situations such as mortgage lenders, taxes, and home improvement loans. Homestead protections are available only to individuals—not corporations, partnerships, or LLCs.
Generally speaking, Texas only allows a property owner to claim a Homestead Exemption on one property – the primary residence. Legal primary residence is one that is occupied most of each year by the homeowner but the focus is on intent not actual occupancy. Second homes, vacation homes and investment homes are not primary residences and won’t qualify for homestead exemptions.
However, there are instances where one may claim more than one property as a homestead. In Urban areas, a homeowner may claim contiguous properties as his/her homestead i.e. adjoining or adjacent properties. The properties must touch along a boundary or share a common area. To make a homestead designation on contiguous properties, the county may require that the contiguous properties are in the same exact names according to the deeds (recorded title).
It is useful both for property tax purposes and for protection from creditors, to file an affidavit designating the homestead in the real property records of the county where the property is located. NOTE: This is not the same as the form submitted to the county’s property tax office for tax exemption.
NOTE: this is not the same as the form filed with the property tax office.